Long Story Short
The Civil Rights Movement is the struggle for equality. A demand for America to live up to its promise that "all men are created equal". Emancipation may have freed the slaves but racial prejudices won out creating a system that kept millions of non-whites locked into a system of poverty and oppression. The movement gained its greatest momentum during the 1950s and 60s as minorities began openly challenging segregation and racism in America. No where was this fight more bitter and bloody than in the South. In the end, the violence against non-violent protesters shocked the world into forcing the country to come to terms with its long history of social injustice.